Publications and Conference Papers

Rascle, O., Marbac, F., Higgins, N. C., Charrier, M., Le Foll, D., & Cabagno, G. (in progress). The giving-up reaction: An experimental study of learned helplessness in physical education classes.


Bailey, S.J., LaChapelle, D. L., Higgins, N. C. (in progress). How dare they? Judgements of responsibility and injustice in the assessment of a soldier’s pain.

LaChapelle, D. L., Gullickson, K. M., Higgins, N. C., & Hadjistavropoulos, T. (in review). How stereotypes impact perceptions of men with chronic pain: A brief report. 

Higgins, N. C., & Zumbo, B. D. (2019). An individual differences measure of attributions affecting helping behavior. North American Journal of Psychology, 21(1), 57-80. Read the article here.

Summers, S. J., Higgins, N. C., Te, M., Byrne, A., & Chipchase, L. S. (2019)The effect of implicit theories of pain on pain and disability in people with chronic low back pain. Musculoskeletal Science and Practice, 40, 65-71. doi: 10.1016/j.msksp.2019.01.013


Rascle, O., Charrier, M., Higgins, N. C., Rees, T., Coffee, P., Le Foll, D., & Cabagno, G. (2019). Being one of us: Translating expertise into performance benefits following perceived failure.Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 43, 105-113.  doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2019.01.010


Wang, Y., Higgins, N. C., Uleman, J., Michaux, A., & Vipond, D. (2016). An interactive activation and competition model of person knowledge, suggested by proactive interference by traits spontaneously inferred from behaviours. British Journal of Social Psychology, 55(1), 126-143. doi: 10.1111/bjso.12119


Rascle, O., Le Foll, D., Charrier, M., Higgins, N. C., Rees, T., & Coffee, P. (2015). Durability and generalization of attribution-based feedback following failure: Effects on expectations and behavioral persistence. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 18, 68-74. doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2015.01.003


Higgins, N. C., Bailey, S.J., LaChapelle, D. L., Harman, K., & Hadjistavropoulos, T. (2014). Coping styles, pain expressiveness, and implicit theories of chronic pain. The Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied, 149(7), 737-750. doi:10.1080/00223980.2014.977759


LaChapelle, D. L., Lavoie, S. P., Higgins, N. C., & Hadjistavropoulos, T. (2014). Attractiveness, diagnostic ambiguity, and disability cues impact perceptions of women with pain. Rehabilitation Psychology, 59(2), 162-170. doi: 10.1037/a0035894


Higgins, N. C., & LaPointe, M. R. P. (2012). Academic attributional style predicts behavioral persistence under failure: Factor structure and predictive validity of the Academic Attributional Style Questionnaire. Sage Open, 2(4), 1-15. doi: 10.1177/2158244012470110


Rascle, O., Le Foll, D., & Higgins, N. C. (2008). Attributional retraining alters novice golfers’ free practice behavior. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 20(2), 157-164. doi: 10.1080/10413200701805307


Le Foll, D., Rascle, O., & Higgins, N. C. (2008). Attributional feedback-induced changes in functional and dysfunctional attributions, expectancies for success, hopefulness, and persistence in a novel sport. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 9, 77-101. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2007.01.004


Le Foll, D., Rascle, O., & Higgins, N. C. (2006). Persistence in a putting task during perceived failure: Influence of state-attributions and attributional style. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 55, 586-605. doi: 10.1111/j.1464-0597.2006.00249.x


Higgins, N. C., & Hay, J. (2003). Attributional style predicts causes of negative life events on the Attributional Style Questionnaire. Journal of Social Psychology, 143(2), 253-271. doi: 10.1080/00224540309598444


Lundquist, L. M., Higgins, N. C., & Prkachin, K. M. (2002). Accurate pain detection is not enough: Contextual and attributional style biasing factors in patient evaluations and treatment choice. Journal of Applied Biobehavioral Research, 7(2), 114-132. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-9861.2002.tb00080.x


Higgins, N. C., & Bhatt, G. (2001). Culture moderates the self-serving bias: Etic and emic features of causal attributions in India and in Canada. Social Behavior and Personality, 29(1), 49-61. doi: 10.2224/sbp.2001.29.1.49


Higgins, N. C., Zumbo, B. D., & Hay, J. (1999). Construct validity of attributional style: Modeling context-dependent item sets in the Attributional Style Questionnaire.Educational and Psychological Measurement, 59, 804-820. doi: 10.1177/00131649921970152


Higgins, N. C., & Shaw, J. K. (1999). Attributional style moderates the impact of causal controllability information on helping behaviour. Social Behavior and Personality, 27(3), 221-236. doi: 10.2224/sbp.1999.27.3.221


Higgins, N. C., & Morrison, M. (1998). Construct validity of unsupportive attributional style: The impact of life outcome controllability. Social Indicators Research, 45, 319-342. doi: 10.1023/A:1006910201412


Higgins, N. C., St Amand, M. D., & Poole, G. A. (1997). The controllability of negative life experiences mediates unrealistic optimism. Social Indicators Research, 42, 299-323. doi: 10.1023/A:1006865832297


Davison, A. J., & Higgins, N. C. (1993: Commentary). Observer bias in perceptions of responsibility. American Psychologist, 48, 585.


Krebs, D., Denton, K., & Higgins, N. C. (1988). On the evolution of self-knowledge and self-deception. In K. McDonald (Ed.), Sociobiological perspectives on human development (pp. 103-139). New York: Springer-Verlag. [Refereed Chapter]


Dickinson, J., & Higgins, N. C. (1977). Release from proactive and retroactive interference in motor short-term memory. Journal of Motor Behaviour, 9(1), 61-66. doi: 10.1080/00222895.1977.10735095


Recent Conference Papers (the last five years)

Summers, S. J., Te, M., Chipchase, L. S., & Higgins, N. C. (2018). Implicit theories of pain relate to self-reported symptoms in patients with chronic low back pain. Presented at the IASP 17th World Congress on Pain in Boston, MA.


Nah, K., Higgins, N. C., & Thomson, S. J. (2018). Why did I do that?:  Spontaneous causal inferences in self perception. Multidisciplinary Graduate Research Conference, UPEI.


Higgins, N. C., Thomson, S. J., & Buckle, K. (2018). “Am I clumsy, or was it slippery?”:  Differential activation of spontaneous trait and situational inferences in self perception. Presented at the 19th Annual Convention of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology (SPSP), Atlanta, GA.


Higgins, N. C., O’Donnell, T., & Randall, H. E. (2017). Maintenance of unrealistic optimism when negative experiences are personally controllable:  An experimental investigation. Presented at the 56th New England Psychological Association Meeting, Newton, MA. 


Higgins, N. C., Charrier, M., Rascle, O., Coffee, P., Rees, T., & Le Foll, D. (2016). Post-failure attributional feedback from an ingroup expert improves sport performance. Presented at the 77th Annual Convention of the Canadian Psychological Association, Victoria, BC.


Buckle, K., Higgins, N. C., & Thomson, S. J. (2016). Spontaneous activation of causal inferences consistent with the self-serving bias: A probe recognition investigation. Presented at the 40th Annual Psychology Science Atlantic Conference, Université de Moncton, Moncton, NB.


Buckle, K., Maillet, J-C., & Higgins, N. C. (2016). Distinguishing between controllable and uncontrollable illnesses: Are optimists more clearsighted than pessimists? Presented at the 14th Annual Crossroads Interdisciplinary Health Research Conference, Dalhousie University Health and Human Performance Student Society, Halifax, NS.


Higgins, N. C., Scheidler, A., & Vipond, D. (2014). The effects of experience on unrealistic optimism. Presented at the 54th New England Psychological Association Meeting, Lewiston, ME.


Crump L., LaChapelle, D.L., Higgins, N. C., Harman, K., & Hadjistavropoulos, T. (2014). Impact of responsibility attributions and patient gender on nurses’ and nursing students’ emotional responses and willingness to help patients with chronic low back pain. Presented at the 35th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Canadian Pain Society, Quebec City, PQ.


Higgins, N. C., Bennell, J., Daponte, D., Michaux, A., Wang, Y., Vipond, D., & Uleman, J. S. (2013). Proactive interference (PI) effects of spontaneous trait inferences:  Evidence from two classic PI designs. Presented at the 14th Annual Meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology (SPSP), New Orleans, LA.