Publications and Conference Papers

November 2018 — Gringolandia: Lifestyle Migration Under Late Capitalism

Matthew Hayes Book     

A telling look at today’s “reverse” migration of white, middle-class expats from north to south, through the lens of one South American city, by Professor Matthew Hayes.


Hayes, M. (2018) Gringolandia: Lifestyle Migration Under Late Capitalism. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press. 

Peer-Reviewed Publications

Hayes, M. (2018) ‘Mobilités Nord-Sud en contexte de retraites précaires en Amérique du Nord : La crise de 2008 et la mondialisation de la retraite,’ in Entre tourisme et migration, edited by Rémy Tremblay and Olivier Dehoorne, pp. 28-55. Paris: L’Harmattan.

Hayes, M. (2018) ‘The Gringos of Cuenca: How retirement migrants perceive their impact on lower income communities.’ Area, forthcoming:

Hayes, M and Carlson, J. (2018) ‘Good guests and obnoxious gringos: Cosmopolitan ideals among North American migrants to Cuenca, Ecuador.’ American Journal of Cultural Sociology6(1): 189-211.

Hayes, M. (2017) ‘The Business Cycle and Capitalist Social Regulation: The Origins of Economic Government,’ in Interrogating the Social: A Critical Sociology for the 21st Century edited by Fuyuki Kurasawa, pp. 127-156. Palgrave Macmillan.

Hayes, M and Pérez Gañán, R. (2017) ‘North-South Migrations and the Asymmetric Expulsions of Late Capitalism: Global Inequality, Arbitrage, and New Dynamics of North-South Transnationalism.’ Migration Studies 5(1): 116-135.

Hayes, M and Tello, M. (2016) ‘En la tierra de los hacendados: migración de amenidad y reproducción de desigualdades locales y globales en Vilcabamba, Ecuador.’ PASOS Edita 16: 99-118.


Hayes, M (2015) ‘“It is hard being the different one all the time”: gringos and racialized identity in lifestyle migration to Ecuador.’ Ethnic and Racial Studies 38(6): 943-958.


Hayes, M (2015) ‘Introduction: The Emerging Lifestyle Migration Industry and Geographies of Transnationalism, Mobility and Displacement in Latin America.’ Journal of Latin American Geography 14(1): 7-18.


Hayes, M (2015) ‘Into the Universe of the Hacienda: Lifestyle Migration, Individualism and Social Dislocation in Vilcabamba, Ecuador.’ Journal of Latin American Geography 14(1): 79-100.


Hayes, M (2015) ‘Negotiating White Privilege: Whiteness and Lifestyle Migration in Cuenca, Ecuador,’ in Practicing the Good Life: Lifestyle Migration in Practices, edited by K. Torkington, I. David and J. Sardinha, pp. 256-271. Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Press.


Hayes, M (2015) ‘Moving South: The Economic Motives and Structural Context of North America's Emigrants in Cuenca, Ecuador.’ Mobilities 10(2): 267-284.

Reprinted as Hayes, M. (2015) ‘Moving South: The Economic Motives and Structural Context of North America’s Emigrants in Cuenca, Ecuador’, in Ole. B Jensen (ed.), Mobilities: Critical Concepts in Built Environment (Abingdon and New York: Routledge), Vol. II, pp. 271-292.


Hayes, M (2014) ‘“We gained a lot over what we would have had”: The Geographic Arbitrage of America's Lifestyle Migrants to Cuenca, Ecuador.’ Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies40(12): 1953–1971.


Hayes, M (2012) ‘La crise du néolibéralisme : quelle formation sociale après la crise?’ Politique et sociétés 31(1): 77-97.


Hayes, M (2012) ‘Desigualdad, crisis y política de la rabia: La reconfiguración de las clases sociales poscrisis en el Norte-Atlántico’ [Inequality, the crisis and the politics of anger: The reconfiguration of social classes after the crisis in the North Atlantic], Comentario Internacional11: 189-215.


Hayes, M (2011) ‘The Social History of Quantifying Inflation: A Sociological Critique.’ Journal of Economic Issues 45(1): 97-111.


Non Peer-Reviewed Academic Publications

(2013) ‘Una nueva migración económica: el arbitraje geográfico de los jubilados estadounidenses hacia los países andinos’ [The New Economic Migration: Geographic Arbitrage and U.S. Retirement Migration to the Andes], AndinaMigrante 15: 2-13.


According to its website, Andina Migrante is the quarterly publication of the Sistema de Información sobre Migraciones Andinas (SIMA), and publishes research papers on migration in the Andean region.


(2010) ‘The Future of Macroeconomics: Between Mediation and Optimization Functions,’ in 4thHistory of Recent Economics Conference (HISRECO) Papers, Vol. 1, ENS Cachan.


(2009) ‘A Genealogy of Macroeconomics: a sociological perspective’ Papers and Proceedings, ACEA Conference 2009, on-line:


(2007) ‘Academic Democracy: an enjoinder to Fuyuki Kurasawa,’ Topia: Canadian Journal of Cultural Studies, 18: 123-129.


Books Reviewed

Hochschild, Arlie (2012) The Outsourced Self: What Happens When We Pay Others to Live Our Lives for Us?, London: Picador, 320 pp., for Canadian Journal of Sociology, 39(1): 127-129.


Urry, John (2011) Climate Change and Society, Cambridge UK: Polity Press, 217 pp., for the Canadian Journal of Sociology, 36(3): 253-255.


Newson, Janice and Claire Polster (2010) Academic Callings: The University We Have Had, Now Have, and Could Have, Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press, Inc., 264 pp., for CAUT Bulletin, 57(10), December 2010.


Recent Conference Presentations and Colloquia

“Heritage Gentrification and the Appropriation of Space in Cuenca, Ecuador,” Latin American Studies Association, Barcelona, Spain, May 24th, 2018.

“Heritage Tourism, Urban Displacement, and Resistance to Gentrification: Notes from Cuenca, Ecuador,” 2nd Annual Colloquium, Pensar el Ecuador desde el exterior, pensar el mundo desde el Ecuador, Instituto de Estudios Latinoamericanos de Berlín, Freie Universität, Berlin, April 27th, 2018.

“Global Inequality and Transnational Gentrification in the Ecuadorian Andes,” International Institute for the Promotion of Political Economy, 8th annual meeting, Berlin, Germany, September 14th, 2017.

“Globalization and Gentrification: North-South migration and neighbourhood upgrading in Cuenca, Ecuador’s El Centro,” American Sociological Association, Montreal, QC, August 14th, 2017.

“‘Like America in the 1950s’: Allochronism and Temporal Imaginaries of North Americans in Cuenca, Ecuador,” 7th Annual Meeting of the Canadian Network for Critical Sociology, Maynooth, Ontario, June 7th, 2017.

“Personal Growth: Gender, aging and the search for adventure amongst North American migrants to Cuenca, Ecuador,” Canadian Sociological Association, Toronto, ON, May 29th, 2017.

“The UNESCOfication of Cuenca, Ecuador: Heritage, Culture and Transnational Gentrification in an Andean heritage city,” Conference of Latin Americanist Geographers, New Orleans, LA, January 4th, 2017.

“Gender and Active Aging in Lifestyle Migration to Cuenca, Ecuador,” Royal Geographical Society-IBG Annual International Conference, London, UK, September 2nd, 2016.

“Patrimonialization, lifestyle migration and transnational gentrification in Cuenca, Ecuador,” Royal Geographical Society-IBG Annual International Conference, London, UK, September 1st, 2016.

“Colonial Desires: North-South Lifestyle Migration and Encounters with Urban/Rural Gentrification,” Latin American Studies Association, New York, NY, May 27th, 2016.


With Raúl Lardiés Bosque. “Searching for the good life in Ecuador and Mexico: Cost of Living Narratives and Utilitarian transnationalism in the Americas,” American Association of Geographers, San Francisco, CA, April 2nd, 2016.


“The Cosmopolitan Cultures of Lifestyle Migrants: Social Distinction vs. Culture as a Separate Sphere,” American Anthropological Association, Denver, CO, November 21st, 2015.


“Desigualdad, desplazamiento y proyectos raciales en la migración de estilo de vida a Cuenca, Ecuador,” research presentation, CSIC-CCHS, Centro Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas (Spanish National Research Council), Madrid, June 29th 2015.


“Geoarbitrage to Developing Countries: Local Impacts of North-South Migration,” Mobilità senza confini, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy, June 25th, 2015.


“They will come to hate us here:” Identity Formation Amongst North Americans in Ecuador,” Royal Geographical Society-IBG Annual International Conference, London, UK, August 29th, 2014.


“Residential Migration and the Ecuadorian Real Estate Boom,” International Seminar: “The Real Estate/Financial Complex”, University of Leuven (UKL), Belgium, August 22nd, 2014.


“Ethnic mobility narratives, distinction and privilege among lifestyle migrants in Cuenca, Ecuador” International Sociology Association, Tokyo, Japan, July 16th, 2014.


“The Gringo Category and Racialized Identity in Lifestyle Migration to Ecuador,” 4thAnnual Meeting of the Canadian Network for Critical Sociology, Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario, June 1st, 2014.


“Good Migrants and Ugly Americans: Distinction Narratives in the Context of Residential Migration,” co-authored with Jesse Carlson, Brandon University, 2014 Annual Meetings, Canadian Sociological Association, Brock University, Saint Catherines, Ontario, May 28th, 2014.


 “Integration Discourse and Practice as a Meaning Making Process: A Cultural Sociology of North American Migration to Cuenca, Ecuador,” Latin American Studies Association, Chicago, May 22nd, 2014.


“Practices of racialized identity in the context of residential migration to Cuenca, Ecuador” Practicing the Good Life/The Good Life in Practices, Lisbon, Portugal, October 17th, 2013.


“‘Los Gringos de Vilcabamba:’ Gentrification transnationale dans les Andes équatoriennes” [The Gringos of Vilcabamba : Transnational Gentrification in the Ecuatorian Andes], Groupe des Recherches Interdisciplinaries sur l’Amérique latine (GRIAL), Université Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium, October 15th, 2013.


‘Transnational Migration and Perceptions of Retirement Security: The Case of North Americans in Cuenca, Ecuador’ Royal Geographical Society-IBG Annual International Conference, London, UK, August 28th, 2013.


‘Between Privilege and Vulnerability: Retirement and Lifestyle Migration in Cuenca, Ecuador’ American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, New York, NY, August 10th, 2013.


‘The Geographic Arbitrage of America’s New Emigrants: Retirement Insecurity and the Transnational Agency of Lifestyle Migrants to Cuenca, Ecuador,’ 3rd Annual Meeting of the Canadian Network for Critical Sociology, Kingsport, Nova Scotia, July 23rd, 2013.


‘Moving South: North American retirement and lifestyle migration in the age of geographic arbitrage’ States in Crisis: 25th Annual Meeting of the Society for the Advancement of Socio-Economics [SASE], Milano, Italy, June 27th, 2013.


‘Gringolandia: Lifestyle Migration in Ecuador’ American Athropological Association, San Francisco, November 15th, 2012.


‘International Retirement Migration in Cuenca, Ecuador,’ 2012 Annual Meetings, Canadian Sociological Association, Wilfred Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, May 30th, 2012.


‘The Business Cycle and Capitalist Social Regulation: Visions of Liberal Industrial Society in the Early 20th Century,’ 23rd Annual Meeting of the Society for the Advancement of Socio-Economics (SASE), Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, June 25th, 2011.


‘Stuctural Effects and Business Cycles: The Invention of New Terrains of Administrative Action,’Inaugural Meeting of the Canadian Network for Critical Sociology, Doaktown, NB, June 5th, 2011.


‘Foucault, State Effects and Modern Technologies of Economic Government: Loose Theoretical Strings in the Political Sociology of Capitalist Modernity,’ 2011 Annual Meetings, Canadian Sociological Association, St. Thomas University/UNB, Fredericton, May 31st, 2011.

Select Invited Presentations

“Touristification, Gentrification and Resistance: Lifestyle Migration and Popular Vending in Cuenca, Ecuador,” Open Seminar for PhD Candidates, Instituo Geografico do Ordenamento Territorial, University of Lisbon, Portugal, March 23rd, 2018.

“Migraçao de estilo de vida e gentrificaçao transnacional, [Lifestyle Migration and Transnational Gentrification]” Instituto Geografico do Ordenaento Territorial, University of Lisbon, Portugal, March 22nd, 2018.

“Migración de estilo de vida al Ecuador: Trayectorias y Desafíos,” [Lifestyle Migration to Ecuador: Trajectories and Challenges], invited presentation to a Regional Seminar of the International Organization for Migration (IOM), sponsored by the Ecuadorian Ministry of Human Mobility and FLACSO Ecuador, Movilidad humana en América Latina y Ecuador: Nuevos contextos y desafíos, FLACSO, Quito, Ecuador, March 7th, 2018.

“UNESCOfication and Transnational Mobilities: Thoughts on Mobilizing the Past in Cuenca, Ecuador,” invited symposium, Migrant Cartographies: Cities, Circuits and Circulations, Goldsmiths University, London, UK, May 12th, 2017.

“Lifestyle Migration and the Coloniality of Power: transnationalism in the context of global inequality,” keynote lecture, Lifestyle Migration Hub Meeting, Ljubljana, Slovenia, October 13th, 2016.


“Envejecimiento, vulnerabilidad y transnacionalismo: las migraciones de estadounidenses hacia América Latina,” Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de Valencia, Spain, October 10th, 2016.


“Lifestyle Migrants,” Who is a Migrant? A Panel Discussion, Migration Research Network, Goldsmiths University, London, UK, March 9th, 2016.


“Hacia el mundo de la hacienda: Migración transnacional norte-sur y la gentrificación rural en Ecuador,” [Into the World of the Hacienda: North-South Transnational Migration and Rural Gentrification in Ecuador], Centro Nacional de Estrategías para el Derecho al Territorio (CENEDET), Instituto Altos Estudios Nacionales, Quito, Ecuador, May 7th, 2015.


“Cultural Sociology and Lifestyle Migration,” The Future of Lifestyle Migration Research, Goldsmiths University, London, UK, October 24th, 2014.


“La migración residencial de estadounidenses a Cuenca: estrategias económicas y (des)encuentros culturales,” [US Residential Migration to Cuenca: Economic Strategies and Cultural (mis)Encounters], FLACSO, Quito, Ecuador, June 18th, 2013.


“Between Privilege and Vulnerability: Lifestyle & Retirement Migration to Cuenca, Ecuador,” CERLAC (Centre for Research on Latin America and the Caribbean), York University, Toronto, ON, March 11th, 2013.


‘Climate Justice and Climate Change: Global Context, Local Action,’ Planning Fredericton: A Community Forum on Climate Justice, Fredericton, NB, April 2nd, 2011.